What are Urological Infections? Causes and Treatment Methods

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What is Urological Infection?

Urological infections are the damage caused by microorganisms by directly holding and multiplying the genital system through the blood, lymph neighborhood.

We can call it an infection when a microorganism (bacteria, virus, parasite) settles in any part of our body and creates a reaction by reproducing there.

What are the Causes of Urological Infections?

Urological infections are basically divided into two groups as urinary (urinary tract) infections and sexually transmitted diseases.

Urinary tract infections (UTI) or urinary tract infections (UTI), also known as urinary tract infections (UTI), are an inflammatory disease of the excretory system that starts from the kidneys and includes ureteral tubes, urinary bladder, prostate and external urinary tract. Urinary tract infections are divided into 2 groups as simple and complicated.

Simple infections are usually in the form of cystitis in women and manifest with frequent urination, severe burning in urine, bloody urine, and sometimes urinary incontinence. There is no fever in simple infections.

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Complicated infections are manifested by very serious symptoms such as fever, chills, chills, general condition disorder, sometimes flank pain, frequent urination, cloudy and bloody urination and underlying urinary system stones, urinary tract strictures, tumoral formations, pyelonephritis (kidney inflammation. ), prostatitis, orchitis, epididymitis.

Sexually transmitted diseases are diseases that occur as a result of unprotected sexual intercourse if one of the partners is sick. As a result of close contact with the diseased area, the bacteria or viruses here overcome the protection barriers of the healthy person.

If it finds a suitable environment, it multiplies and causes disease.

Sexually transmitted diseases are mainly HIV / AIDS, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Gonorrhea-Gonorrhea, Genital Warts (HPV), Chlamydia, Ureoplasma, Genital Herpes-Herpes, Syphilis-Syphilis, Gardnerella, Molloskum Kontagiosum.

There is an incubation period after these diseases enter the body.

After a certain period of time, it manifests itself with symptoms such as dirty smelly urinary tract discharge, burning in the urine, joint pains, rashes in the genitals, and burning in the urinary tract.

Hepatitis / AIDS symptoms start very late and have serious consequences.

How Is Urological Infections Treated?

In the treatment of simple infections, in addition to antibiotic treatment, increasing fluid intake, avoiding excessive urine retention and hygiene are recommended.

In complicated infections, it is necessary to hospitalize and treat the patient. First of all, the underlying problem should be detected and treated.

Antibiotic treatment is required according to the result of intravenous culture. Duration of treatment is also longer than simple infections.

In cases such as sexually transmitted diseases (gonorrhea, chlamydia, ureoplasma and syphilis), drugs that include the treatment of all of them can be given.

Ceftriaxone, macrolide antibiotics and azithromycin can be given together. Genital warts can be burned, frozen or dried with medication.

AIDS and hepatitis should be monitored and treated very closely.

Prof. Dr. Abdullah ArmağanUrology Specialist

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