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What is Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and its causative agent is Neisseria gonorrhea bacteria. It starts with dirty yellow stinky discharge in the external urinary tract after unprotected sexual intercourse. In women, there is a dirty smelly discharge in the cervix, that is, in the cervix. In addition, additional symptoms such as burning in the urine can be seen. In addition, anus, joints, eye and throat involvement can be seen. If left untreated, it can cause serious complications such as infertility and blindness.

In Which Age Range Is Gonorrhea Occurred and How Is It Transmitted?

Gonorrhea is most common in single individuals between the ages of 18 and 30 who have more than one unprotected partner. It is transmitted through vaginal, oral and anal relationships. Symptoms start within 3-10 days after the intercourse. If left untreated, infertility can cause serious problems such as blindness.

What are the Symptoms of Gonorrhea?

In men, an unusual yellow foul-smelling discharge in the urinary outlet, redness of the foreskin, burning in the urine, and sometimes the symptoms of sensitivity in the eggs are observed. In women, symptoms such as cervical or dirty yellow discharge in the cervix, burning pain during urination, pain during sexual intercourse and sometimes bleeding can be seen.

How Is Gonorrhea Diagnosed?

Diagnosis is made by examining the material taken from the discharge with a microscope and culturing in addition to the symptoms. The sample can be taken from the external urinary tract, anus, and throat, depending on the location of the discharge.

How Is Gonorrhea Treated?

If gonorrhea is suspected in a patient with complaints, a sample is first taken for analysis. Then, classical urethritis treatment, i.e. antibiotic treatment, is started according to possible factors. A 3-day oral antibiotic treatment is given with an intramuscular needle and then additional treatment is given, if necessary, according to the culture result. The complaints usually go away within a day or two. However, pain and sensitivity may continue for up to 2 weeks. Monogamy and protection are recommended to the patient in the next period.

What are the complications of gonorrhea?

If gonorrhea is not treated, it can cause very serious problems. It can involve joints, brain and many other organs. It also paves the way for the more frequent transmission of very serious viral infections such as AIDS. If there is an infection in pregnant women, it is transmitted to the child during birth and may have very serious consequences such as blindness in the child.

Prof. Dr. Abdullah ArmağanUrology Specialist

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