What is Chlamydia Disease?
Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and its causative agent is Chlamydia Trochomatis. It causes infections in both men and women and can cause serious complications such as infertility if not treated. It most commonly affects men and women of reproductive age.
How Is Chlamydia Transmitted?
It is transmitted by vaginal, oral or anal sexual contact. In addition, babies of women with chlamydia infection can be infected during birth and cause chlamydia infection in the child.
What are the Symptoms of Chlamydia Disease?
It can show symptoms in both men and women. In men; There are symptoms such as transparent slightly cloudy discharge at the exit of the urinary tract at the tip of the penis, burning itching at the tip of the penis, redness, burning while urinating, swelling in the scrotum. In women; There are symptoms such as malodorous vaginal discharge, burning in urine, rash in the genital area, bleeding between periods, painful menstruation, pain during sexual intercourse.
What Other Diseases Does Chlamydia Cause?
In men and women, chlamydia can cause serious problems like lymphagranuloma venarum (LGV) by involvement of lymph nodes, as well as infections of the genital organs as well as eye blindness. Especially in Africa, it can cause serious blindness in children as a result of contact with hands with eyes.
What Happens If Chlamydia Is Not Treated?
In men, it can affect the sperm passage and cause obstruction, so it can cause infertility. In addition, it can cause prostatitis in men. It causes blockages and leads to infertility by the retention of the tubes that allow sperm passage for reproduction, which we call fallopian tubes in women. In addition, it causes chronic infection of the pelvic area, which we call PID in women. It can cause blindness and serious lymphatic infections by involving the eye and lymph nodes.
How Is Chlamydia Diagnosed?
If there is a discharge at the tip of the penis in men or from the places with lesions, a swab culture is taken from the discharge or lesion in the cervix and sent to the laboratory. Meanwhile, drug therapy is started.
How Is The Treatment Done?
Before waiting for the samples sent to the laboratory to arrive, empirical treatment, that is, treatment against possible microbes, is started. For chlamydia, this is drugs such as doxycycline, tetracycline, azithromycin. As for the culture result, we will change the treatment if necessary.