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What is AIDS Disease?

AIDS or HIV disease is a deadly viral disease that targets and affects especially the immune system, as well as involving all organs of the body that are transmitted by sexual contact or the blood of sick people. It collapses our immune system by destroying the CD4-T lymphocytes responsible for the immune system in our body, and as a result, death due to conditions such as infection, diarrhea, pneumonia, meningitis (inflammation of the meninges). It also increases the likelihood of some cancers such as Kaposi’s sarcoma.

How Is AIDS Contagious and What Is Its Incidence?

Aqua red Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), 50% of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome disease is reported to be transmitted by blood or blood products and 50% by sexual contact. In addition, there are viruses in body secretions and organs in breast milk. It can be transmitted from both men and women. Heterosexuals make up 70% of those who are sexually transmitted. Turkey’s population of 37 million 18 thousand of the world’s population is HIV positive. 60% of this positive population is receiving treatment. After the virus is infected, there is no disease immediately, and not every HIV-positive AIDS disease is caught. However, it should be followed closely. It is a disease that must be notified to the Ministry of Health. Testing between couples is mandatory before getting married. However, being HIV-positive does not prevent marriage.

Is Early Diagnosis Important in AIDS?

As with all sexually transmitted diseases, early diagnosis and treatment is very important in AIDS. When diagnosed early, HIV-positive person is important both in terms of follow-up and transmission to other people and early treatment. If the person is caught, antiviral treatment can be given and can continue his life in a controlled manner for a long time. When a person who is HIV-positive is contacted with blood, blood products, sexually or otherwise, the result is not immediately positive. It is also not certain to be infected. However, after 4-6 weeks, antibodies are formed and only then are the tests positive. The HIV-positive patient also does not get sick right away, sometimes the disease can occur after 3-15 years.

What are the Symptoms of AIDS?

The virus begins to show symptoms 4-6 weeks after it enters the body. It usually shows flu symptoms such as fever, sore throat, rash, headache. In addition, non-specific symptoms such as swelling in the lymph nodes, persistent diarrhea, muscle and joint pain, weakness, weight loss appear. When it progresses, there are excessive swelling in the lymph nodes, tuberculosis, pneumonia, lymphoma, encephalitis (brain inflammation), Kaposi sarcoma, other cancers, various parasitic and fungal infections, and after this stage, it usually results in death.

How is AIDS Diagnosed?

The HIV test looks at the antibody from the blood. At least 4-6 weeks should be waited after suspected contact of antibody development. It can even be positive after up to 90 days of exposure.

How Is AIDS Treated?

A person who is HIV-positive must first be notified to the ministry of health, while preserving his / her personal privacy rights. Then, with the help of associations and psychiatrists dealing with this issue, patient management is carried out in a multidisciplinary way. The aim is to prevent the transmission of the disease to other individuals and to perform the treatment of the person caught in the best way. There are antiviral drugs effective against HIV in the treatment. By reducing or eliminating the amount of virus in the body with their combinations, it is to enable the patient to continue his life comfortably without complications. Unfortunately, a drug and vaccine that completely eradicates the virus has not been developed. However, serious progress has been made with current drugs.

What Are the Ways To Protect From HIV?

If it is necessary not to exchange blood, blood products, personal belongings with HIV-positive and risky people, or to have sexual contact with HIV-positive people, it is of course very important to use robust condoms and hygiene.

Can an HIV-Positive Person Have Children?

HIV positive individuals, whether male or female, have no harm in having a child, but there is a 2% chance of disease in the baby born. It is possible for the male sperm to be cleared of HIV and given to the mother’s egg. HIV-positive mothers can also give birth to children, and there is no rule that the child will be HIV-positive.

Prof. Dr. Abdullah ArmağanUrology Specialist

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