What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases? Symptoms and Treatment

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Sexually transmitted diseases are called diseases caused by unprotected sexual intercourse. The most common symptoms are syphilis and genital herpes.

What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)?

Sex transmitted disease (STD), if one of the partners is diseased, the bacteria or viruses in the diseased area overcome the protection barriers of the healthy person as a result of close contact.

If it finds a suitable environment, it multiplies and causes disease. Sexually transmitted diseases can be summarized as follows.

  • HIV / AIDS
  • hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Gonorrhea-Gonorrhea
  • Genital Wart (HPV)
  • Chlamydia
  • Ureoplasma
  • Genital Herpes-Herpes
  • Syphilis-Syphilis
  • Gardnerella
  • Molloskum Kontagiosum

Who is the Most Common with STD?

Sexually transmitted diseases are most common in single young people who have unprotected sexual intercourse with a large number of partners. It is inevitable that these diseases will spread in multi-partner sexual relations. Sick men infect women more often. In other words, the frequency of catching a woman from a man is higher than that of a man from a woman.

It should be emphasized that if both men and women are multi-partnered, they should use maximum protection methods.

How is STD Transmitted? What are the Symptoms?

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It is most commonly transmitted by close contact during unprotected sexual intercourse. However, diseases such as hepatitis B-C and AIDS can also be transmitted by blood and blood products. Gonorrhea, ureoplasma, mycoplasma, genital herpes, syphilis (syphilis) is mostly transmitted by close contact and sexual intercourse.

Within 1-4 weeks after sexual intercourse with an unprotected sick person, it starts with symptoms such as discharge from the tip of the penis, burning while urinating, muscle and joint pain, sometimes fever, skin rash, and redness at the tip of the penis. In women, there are complaints of vaginal discharge, burning in the urine, frequent urination, rash in the genital area, pain during intercourse, and fever.

How Are STDs Diagnosed?

Diseases such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, ureoplasma, mycoplasma can be diagnosed by direct microscopic examination and culture from the discharge, syphilis can be diagnosed with serological tests, genital warts and herpes can be diagnosed by direct examination, and serological tests in blood are checked and diagnosed for AIDS and hepatitis.

How is STD Treated?

In cases such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, ureoplasma and syphilis, drugs that include the treatment of all of them can be given. Ceftriaxone, macrolide antibiotics and azithromycin can be given together. Genital warts can be burned, frozen or dried with medication. AIDS and hepatitis should be followed very closely.

What Happens If STIs Are Not Treated?

If such diseases are not treated, the symptoms spontaneously disappear within 2 weeks, but then prostatitis (prostate gland inflammation), aortitis, heart diseases, joint diseases, affecting the brain can reveal itself with the symptoms belonging to the brain and cause irreversible problems

Prof. Dr. Abdullah ArmağanUrology Specialist

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