What Is Embolization? How Is Embolization Performed?
In the answer to the question of what is embolization, it can be transferred as a treatment for choking. The stopping of blood flow in blood vessels due to medical reasons is called embolization. The procedure is performed by an interventional vascular surgeon or a radiologist. The embolization process performed with angiography is known as a method used in the treatment of many different diseases.
Embolization, which is frequently used in the occlusion of the lateral branches during the endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms, is also preferred in the treatment of the occlusion of small aneurysms. The flow is interrupted by placing a small metal helix in the desired vein or by using a chemical embolized substance.
When Might Embolization Be Required?
Embolization is a method that is frequently applied during surgery to eliminate many different problems. It may be necessary to make room for embolization for many reasons such as postpartum bleeding, trauma, upper nervous system bleeding, bleeding in the liver, aneurysms in the brain, and cancer. While the tests requested by the physician before the implementation of the method that is effective in eliminating the problem are important in terms of the suitability of the application for the patient, it is also important in terms of whether the application will be effective in the treatment of the patient.
In urology, embolization can be used in vascular injuries during the PNL procedure, which is used in the surgical treatment of kidney stones, to reduce bleeding in kidney tumors with extensive bleeding to shrink the tumor, and to close the fistulous vein in priapism (permanently stiff penis) disease due to vascular fistula.
How Long Does Embolization Treatment Take?
Embolization, which is expressed as an angiography procedure, is performed in accordance with other application procedures. Since it is performed under local anesthesia, the patient is prevented from feeling any pain or suffering. In addition to local anesthesia, the procedure can also be performed by applying general anesthesia depending on the application area. Although rare, the patient may experience pain after embolization. It is possible to experience temporary pain after the procedures.
The application, it is done with plastic tubes, that is, guide wires in the catheter vein. The blood flow in the vein is fed into the clogged vein by plastic tubes, ie catheters, and embolizing agents that block the vein or veins, and the blood flow is cut off.
Before And After Embolization Application
In the answer to the question of how embolization is done, it is important to include what should be done before the procedure.
Before embolization application, all necessary tests of the patient should be done. The results obtained together with the tests are examined by the physician and it is decided whether the patient is suitable for the procedure. In addition, whether the problem experienced by the patient after the embolization procedure will be resolved or not can be determined by the findings obtained with the tests. Before the procedure, tests such as magnetic resonance, arteriogram, ultrasound, computed tomography, and venogram can be requested from the patient. It can be included in the tests that will be added by the doctor before the procedure. Before the procedure, the patient is asked to be hungry. It is also desirable not to use antibiotics and to consume enough fluids.
After the embolization treatment application, the patient’s recovery may vary depending on the disease and the patient. Depending on the patient’s condition, it may take 4 hours or recovery may take a month. In order to relieve the pain that may be felt after the procedure, it can also be recommended to consume drugs that have painkiller properties with the control and advice of a physician.
What Are The Side Effects Of Embolization Application?
The embolization application, on the other hand, is preferred in difficult surgeries, while stopping the blood flow in the vessel feeding the tumor or the bleeding vessel. The most important side effect of embolization is complete occlusion of the vessel. In this case, it is a possible risk to encounter a problem in the organ or tissues. Among the side effects is the reopening of the blocked vessel.
In addition to these, different conditions such as nausea, vomiting, fever, and loss of appetite may be encountered, especially after the procedures performed on the liver after embolization.